Civil War Sites Advisory Commission

Some 10,500 armed conflicts occurred during the Civil War, ranging from battles to minor skirmishes. With the exception of the most important battlefields, such as Gettysburg, Antietam, and Shiloh, which have been set aside and preserved as either national or state parks, the fields, woodlands, and roads where these military engagements occured have remained in private hands. During the intervening years dramatic changes in land use have threatened these historic locales, as private land owners have sold part or all of their battlefield property for development.

In recognition of this circumstance the United States Congress established the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC), asking them to evaluate this apparent conflict between battlefield preservation and economic development. In their landmark 1993 report they identified 384 conflicts (3.7 percent) as the principal battles of the Civil War, and classified them according to their historical significance.

The National Park Service has maintained a website ( with basic descriptive information from the 1993 CWSAC Report for each of these Civil War engagements. According to the Park Service, "Due to conditions outside our department," however, this website has not been available as of the fourth quarter of 2001.

Since the Civil War Landscapes Associaton's website went online in December 1999 we have maintained links to these National Park Service pages, in order to provide this important information to our visitors. Since they are not presently available via the National Park Service we have decided to provide this information locally on our website. Assuming reliable access is forthcoming, it is our intention to reestablish links to the original Park Service pages's when they become available.

Links to the CWSAC Battle Summaries are part of the CWSAC Battles page, the Time Line page in the Chronology section, as well as on the homepage of the appropriate Battlefield pages of the Civil War Landscapes Association website.
revised: January 12, 2002
created: December 29, 2001
© 2001 Civil War Landscapes Association - All Rights Reserved.