Wednesday, May 3, 1865

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Army Events:

Skirmish: Booneville, MO May 3, 1865
Operation: Brashear City, LA April 30 - May 12, 1865
Operations: Canyon City Road, OR January 1 - November 30, 1865
Expedition to: Carson Lake, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Skirmish: Chacahoula, LA May 3, 1865
Operation: Fort Adams, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Expedition from: Fort Churchill, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Scout: Fort Cummings, New Mexico Territory April 28 - May 13, 1865
Operation: Fort Laramie, Nebraska Territory April 1 - May 27, 1865
Expedition to: Humboldt River, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Skirmish: Missouri River May 3, 1865
Campaign: Mobile, AL March 17 - May 4, 1865
Affair: Pleasant Hill, MO May 3, 1865
Expedition to: Port Gibson, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Expedition from: Rodney, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Operation: Shenandoah Valley, VA April 26 - May 5, 1865
Expedition from: St. Louis, MO April 29 - June 11, 1865
Expedition to: Truckee River, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Expedition to: Wind River, Dakota Territory May 3 - 21, 1865

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer.)

Naval Events:

During this period [May 1-15], Shenandoah "made northings" towards the Bering Sea whaling ground through pleasant seas that would soon change in the high parallels. After departing Lea Harbor, Ponape, in the Caroline Islands, on 13 April, the lone raider had experienced fine cruising-except for lack of prizes. Waddell wrote:
"Never in our various experience of sea life had any of us seen such or more charming weather than we now enjoyed. The sun shone with a peculiar brilliancy and the moon shed that clear, soft light which is found in this locality, in which the heavens seem so distant and so darkly blue, while the vast expanse of ocean was like a great reflecting mirror. The track for vessels bound from San Francisco and many of the ports, on the west coast of America to Hong Kong lies between the parallels in north latitude of 17º and 20º Here the winds are better than are found in a more northerly route, while the track to San Francisco and other ports along the west coast of America from China lies between the parallels of 35º and 45º, because here west winds prevail . . ."

"After the vessel had reached the parallel of 43º north the weather became cold and foggy and the winds were variable and unsteady, and that ever reliable friend of the sailor, the barometer, indicated atomspheric changes."

"The ship was prepared for the change of weather which was rapidly approaching. Soon the ocean was boiling with agitation, and if the barometer had been silent, I would have called it only a furious tide but a dark, then a black cloud, was hurrying towards us from the N. E. and so close did it rest upon the surface of the water that is seemed determined to overwhelm the. ship, and there came in it so terrible and violent a wind that the Shenandoah was thrown on her side. . . ."

"Squall after squall struck her, flash after flash surrounded her, and the thunder rolled in her wake. It was the typhoon. The ocean was as white as the snow and foamed with rage. A new close-reefed main topsail was blown into shreds, and the voice of man was inaudible amid this awful convolution of nature. . . ."

Secretary Mallory penned a brief letter of resignation while at Abbeville and handed it to President Davis on the 3rd at Washington, Georgia, where Mallory took leave of his chief. "The misfortunes of our country," wrote the Navy Secretary, "have deprived me of the honor and opportunity longer to serve her, and the hour has approached when I can no longer be useful to you personally. Cheerfully would I follow you and share whatever fate may befall you, could I hope thereby in any degree to contribute to your safety or happiness. The dependent condition of a helpless family prevents my departure from the country, and under these circumstances it is proper that I should request you to accept my resignation as Secretary of the Navy." President Davis accepted the resignation with deep regret and added: "For the zeal, ability and integrity with which you have so long and so constantly labored, permit one who had the best opportunity to judge, to offer testimonial and in the name of our country and its sacred cause to return thanks." Mallory then set out for La Grange, Georgia, to join his family and "to await the action of the (United States] government."

Secretary Welles ordered the reduction of the Potomac Flotilla to one-half its strength; however, execution of the order was temporarily postponed while C.S.S. Stonewall was reported to be still at large.

As Commodore J. S. Palmer was detached from the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, Major General Canby wrote him: "The relations that have existed between the two services for the past year have been of the most intimate and cordial character and have resulted in successes of which the friends of both the Army and the Navy have reason to be proud."

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)

Additional Information:

Confederate President Jefferson Davis' entourage continues to dwindle as Confederate Secretary of State, Judah P. Benjammin, resigns and flees, eventually reaching England.

U. S. President Abraham Lincoln's funeral train reaches its final destination, Springfield, Illinois.

(Source: The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)
revised: July 18, 2004
created: January 12, 2001
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