Peebles' Farm (Poplar Springs Church, Pegram's Farm)
Petersburg National Battlefield
Petersburg National Battlefield is located within Petersburg, Virginia, 25 miles south of Richmond on Interstate Highway I-95.
Petersburg National Battlefield is administered by the National Park Service of the United States Department of the Interior. The mailing address is P. O. Box 549, Petersburg, VA 23804. Telephone: 804-732-3531.
The Petersburg National Battlefield Visitor Center is located off Virginia State Highway 36, just east of Petersburg.
The Park grounds are open daily from 8 a.m. until dusk. The National Park Service maintains a Visitor's Center on Park grounds, containing a museum, bookstore and gift shop, and audiovisual programs. The Visitor Center is open daily from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. from mid-June to mid-August. Closed Christmas and New Year's Day.
A four-mile, self-guided automobile tour of Park grounds starts at the Visitor Center, featuring eight tour stops with informational signage and audio stations. A longer, 16-mile automobile tour follows the Union siege lines and Confederate defensive lines. During the summer, 20-minute walking tours begin at the Visitor's Center as well.
Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on Peebles' Farm: VA074
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Peebles' Farm In The Petersburg Campaign: September 29-October 2, 1864
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UNION ENCIRCLEMENT CONTINUESThe relentless westerly advance of the besieging force was soon resumed after the capture of the Weldon Railroad in August. Constant skirmishing occurred between the lines until, in late September, Grant struck again.
The Battle of Peebles' Farm, September 29 to October 2 , was really the second section of a two-part struggle. The first took place closer to Richmond and was directed at Fort Harrison, a strongly fortified point on the outer defense line of the Confederate capital. Fort Harrison was approximately midway between Richmond and Petersburg. On the morning of September 29, Union troops advanced and captured the fort and held it the next day against a counterattack by the former occupants. At the same time, Meade was moving toward a further encirclement of Petersburg with more than 20,000 troops. The direction of his attack was northwest toward Confederate earthworks along the Squirrel Level Road. The ultimate goal was the capture of the Southside Railroad.
Fighting began on the 29th as the Federal vanguard approached the Confederates in the vicinity of Peebles' Farm. The engagement increased in fury on the 30th and continued into the next day. When the smoke of battle had blown away on October 2, Meade had extended the Union left flank 3 miles farther west and had secured the ground on which Fort Fisher would soon be built. (This fort was to be the Union's biggest and was one of the largest earthen forts in Civil War history.) He was, however, stopped short of the coveted Southside Railroad. Against the gain in territory the Union army had suffered a loss of more than 1,300 prisoners to the Confederacy and more than 650 killed and wounded. The Southerners found that their lines, while unbroken, were again extended. Each extension meant a thinner Confederate defense line.
(Text Adapted From: Petersburg Historical Handbook Series - publication of the National Park Service. 1961.)
revised: December 29, 2001
created: August 3, 2001
© 2001 Civil War Landscapes Association - All Rights Reserved.