Thursday, May 4, 1865

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Army Events:

Skirmish: Black Bayou, LA May 4, 1865
Operation: Brashear City, LA April 30 - May 12, 1865
Operations: Canyon City Road, OR January 1 - November 30, 1865
Expedition to: Carson Lake, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Surrender at: Citronelle, AL May 4, 1865
Operation: Fort Adams, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Expedition from: Fort Churchill, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Scout: Fort Cummings, New Mexico Territory April 28 - May 13, 1865
Operation: Fort Laramie, Nebraska Territory April 1 - May 27, 1865
Expedition to: Humboldt River, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Skirmish: Lexington, MO May 4, 1865
Campaign: Mobile, AL March 17 - May 4, 1865
Scout: Noble's Farm, AR May 4 - 6, 1865
Scout: Pine Bluff, AR May 4 - 6, 1865
Expedition to: Port Gibson, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Expedition from: Rodney, MS May 3 - 6, 1865
Operation: Shenandoah Valley, VA April 26 - May 5, 1865
Expedition from: St. Louis, MO April 29 - June 11, 1865
Skirmish: Star House, MO May 4, 1865
Expedition to: Truckee River, Nevada Territory May 3 - June 15, 1865
Skirmish: Wetumpka, GA May 4, 1865
Expedition to: Wind River, Dakota Territory May 3 - 21, 1865

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer.)

Naval Events:

During this period [May 1-15], Shenandoah "made northings" towards the Bering Sea whaling ground through pleasant seas that would soon change in the high parallels. After departing Lea Harbor, Ponape, in the Caroline Islands, on 13 April, the lone raider had experienced fine cruising-except for lack of prizes. Waddell wrote:
"Never in our various experience of sea life had any of us seen such or more charming weather than we now enjoyed. The sun shone with a peculiar brilliancy and the moon shed that clear, soft light which is found in this locality, in which the heavens seem so distant and so darkly blue, while the vast expanse of ocean was like a great reflecting mirror. The track for vessels bound from San Francisco and many of the ports, on the west coast of America to Hong Kong lies between the parallels in north latitude of 17º and 20º Here the winds are better than are found in a more northerly route, while the track to San Francisco and other ports along the west coast of America from China lies between the parallels of 35º and 45º, because here west winds prevail . . ."

"After the vessel had reached the parallel of 43º north the weather became cold and foggy and the winds were variable and unsteady, and that ever reliable friend of the sailor, the barometer, indicated atomspheric changes."

"The ship was prepared for the change of weather which was rapidly approaching. Soon the ocean was boiling with agitation, and if the barometer had been silent, I would have called it only a furious tide but a dark, then a black cloud, was hurrying towards us from the N. E. and so close did it rest upon the surface of the water that is seemed determined to overwhelm the. ship, and there came in it so terrible and violent a wind that the Shenandoah was thrown on her side. . . ."

"Squall after squall struck her, flash after flash surrounded her, and the thunder rolled in her wake. It was the typhoon. The ocean was as white as the snow and foamed with rage. A new close-reefed main topsail was blown into shreds, and the voice of man was inaudible amid this awful convolution of nature. . . ."

C.S.S. Ajax, commanded by Lieutenant Low, entered St. George's, Bermuda, from Nassau. The Confederate captain had not yet learned that his government had collapsed that Generals Lee and Johnston had surrendered the preceding month. He attempted to obtain guns for delivery to Havana but Governor W. G. Hamley refused to permit it. He advised Low: " The Ajax has been a suspected vessel ever since she was launched. She has the appearance of a gunboat; she has never carried merchant cargo; she changed owners at Nassau; she is now commanded by an officer in the service of the Confederate States; in short, she wants nothing but armament to be in a position to take the seas as a privateer."

Rear Admiral Thatcher accepted an offer from Commodore Ebenezer Farrand, CSN, to surrender all Confederate naval forces, officers, men, and public property yet afloat under his command and now blockaded by a portion of our naval forces in the Tombigbee River [Alabama]." The formal capitulation took place on the 10th and included C.S.S. Nashville, Morgan, Baltic, and Black Diamond.

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)

Additional Information:

Confederate Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, CSA, surrenders all Confederate forces in the Confederate Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana, to Federal Major General Edward R. S. Canby, USA, at Citronelle, Alabama, just north of Mobile, Alabama, ending Confederate resistance east of the Mississippi River.

U. S. President Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, outside Springfield, Illinois.

(Source: The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)
revised: July 18, 2004
created: January 12, 2001
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