Tuesday, September 1, 1863

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Army Events:

Action: Backbone Mountain, AR September 1, 1863
Skirmish: Barbee's Cross Roads, VA September 1, 1863
Expedition from: Batesville, AR May 30 - February 3, 1864
Expedition to: Cass County, MO August 28 - September 7, 1863
Bombardment: Charleston, SC August 21 - December 31, 1863
Campaign: Chickamauga, GA August 16 - September 22, 1863
Expedition to: Conyersville, TN September 1 - 10, 1863
Skirmish: Corbin's Crossroads, VA September 1, 1863
Skirmish: Cotton Gap, AR September 1, 1863
Skirmish: Davis Gap, AL September 1, 1863
Action: Devil's Backbone, AR September 1, 1863
Campaign: East Tennessee August 16 - October 19, 1863
Operation: Fort Gregg, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Expedition from: Fort Lapwai, Idaho Territory August 22 - September 20, 1863
Action: Fort Smith, AR September 1, 1863
Bombardment: Fort Sumpter, SC August 17 - December 31, 1863
Operation: Fort Wagner, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Expedition to: Harrisonburg, LA September 1 - 7, 1863
Expedition to: Henry County, MO August 28 - September 7, 1863
Skirmish: Jenny Lind, AR September 1, 1863
Expedition to: Johnson County, MO August 28 - September 8, 1863
Expedition to: La Fayette County, MO August 28 - September 7, 1863
Skirmish: Lamp's Creek Church, VA September 1, 1863
Expedition from: Leesburg, VA August 30 - September 2, 1863
Expedition to: Little Rock, AR August 1 - September 14, 1863
Expedition to: Meadows, The, Idaho Territory August 22 - September 20, 1863
Expedition to: Monroe, LA August 20 - September 2, 1863
Operation: Morris Island, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Action: Morris Island, SC September 1, 1863
Operation: Navajo Indians, New Mexico Territory August 20 - December 16, 1863
Skirmish: Neal's Gap, AL September 1, 1863
Expedition from: Paducah, KY September 1 - 10, 1863
Expedition to: Port Conway, VA September 1 - 3, 1863
Skirmish: Port Conway, VA September 1, 1863
Expedition: Sioux Expedition, Dakota Territory June 16 - September 13, 1863
Expedition: Sioux Expedition, Dakota Territory August 13 - September 11, 1863
Expedition against: Snake Indians, Idaho Territory May 4 - October 26, 1863
Skirmish: Tap's Gap, AL September 1, 1863
Expedition from: Union City, TN September 1 - 10, 1863
Expedition from: Vicksburg, MS August 20 - September 2, 1863
Siege: Wagner Battery, SC July 18 - September 7, 1863
Skirmish: Wills' Creek, AL September 1, 1863



Appointment: Matthew Calbraith Butler, CSA, to Brigadier General
Appointment: Robert Daniel Johnston, CSA, to Brigadier General
Appointment: William Carter Wickham, CSA, to Brigadier General

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)


Naval Events:

Rear Admiral Lee issued the following instructions to the officers of his North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: "Blockaders must not waste fuel, by unnecessary moving about in the daytime. . . . The blockaders must not lie huddled together by day or night, and especially in thick weather;there must be specified day anchorages and night positions. . . . Vessels should weigh anchor before sunset and be in their night positions by dark, as when the draft of vessels or stage of the tide permits, escapes are made out at or near to evening twilight, without showing black smoke., and inward in the morning at daylight. The distance to be kept from the bar, the batteries, and the beach must be regulated by the state of the weather and atmosphere and the light. When vessels anchor at night, they must be underway one hour before dawn of day, so as not to expose their position, and to be ready to chase. . . ."

Major General Whiting, CSA, issued regulations for blockade runners at the port of Wilmington. The specific instructions were intended to prevent Union spies from having ready access to the best remaining haven for blockade runners.

Commander Catesby ap R. Jones, commanding the Confederate naval gun foundry and ordnance works at Selma, Alabama, ordered a small quantity of munitions to Admiral Franklin Buchanan for the defense of Mobile. Munitions were in increasingly short supply, and the bulk of those available were being ordered to Charleston.

Dahlgren, flying his flag in U.S.S. Weehawken, took the ironclads against Fort Sumter late at night following an intensive, day-long bombardment by Army artillery. Moving to within 500 yards of the Fort, the ships cannonaded it for 5 hours, "demolishing," as Brigadier General Ripley, CSA, reported, "nearly the whole of the eastern scarp. . . ." Confederates returned a heavy fire from Fort Moultrie, scoring over 70 hits on the ironclads. One shot struck Weehawken's turret, driving a piece of iron into the leg of Captain Oscar C. Badger, severely wounding him. Noting that, he was the third Flag Captain he had lost in 2 months, Dahlgren wrote: "I shall feel greatly the loss of Captain Badger's services at this time." The Admiral broke off the attack as the flood tide set in, "which," Dahlgren said, had he remained, "would have exposed the monitors unnecessarily."

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)


Additional Information:

The Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, South Carolina. (SC007) (Operations Against the Defenses of Charleston [April-September 1863]).

The Battle of Fort Sumter, South Carolina. (SC008) (Operations Against the Defenses of Charleston [April-September 1863]).

The Battle of Devil's Backbone, Arkansas. (AR009) (Operations to Control Indian Territory [June-September 1863]).

Major General William S. Rosecrans, USA, and his Federal Army of the Cumberland, crosses the Tennessee River while heading towards Chattanooga, Tennessee, and the Confederate Army of Tennessee and General Braxton Bragg, during the Chickamauga Campaign.

(Source: Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report: Battle Summaries. National Park Service. In The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd ed., 1998. Edited by Frances H. Kennedy; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)




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