Tuesday, August 18, 1863

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Army Events:

Raid: Averill's Raid August 5 - 31, 1863
Expedition from: Batesville, AR May 30 - February 3, 1864
Raid: Big Black River, MS August 10 - 23, 1863
Skirmish: Bristoe Station, VA August 18, 1863
Scout: Cape Girardeau, MO August 9 - 18, 1863
Expedition from: Cape Girardeau, MO August 17 - 26, 1863
Scout: Centreville, VA August 15 - 19, 1863
Campaign: Chickamauga, GA August 16 - September 22, 1863
Reconnaissance to: Covington, VA August 5 - 31, 1863
Skirmish: Crab Orchard, KY August 18, 1863
Reconnaissance to: Crow Creek, AL August 1863
Campaign: East Tennessee August 16 - October 19, 1863
Expedition to: Edenton, NC August 11 - 19, 1863
Operation: Fort Gregg, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Bombardment: Fort Sumpter, SC August 17 - December 31, 1863
Operation: Fort Wagner, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Expedition to: Grenada, MS August 10 - 23, 1863
Skirmish: Grenada, MS August 18, 1863
Raid: Hampshire County, WV August 5 - 31, 1863
Expedition to: Hernando, MS August 16 - 20, 1863
Expedition to: Little Rock, AR August 1 - September 14, 1863
Expedition from: Memphis, TN August 16 - 20, 1863
Expedition from: Memphis, TN August 12 - 23, 1863
Raid: Mississippi Central Railroad, MS August 18 - 22, 1863
Operation: Morris Island, SC July 10 - September 7, 1863
Operation: Navajo Indians, New Mexico Territory July 7 - August 19, 1863
Skirmish: Pasquotank, NC August 18, 1863
Skirmish: Payne's Plantation, MS August 18, 1863
Expedition from: Pilot Knob, MO August 17 - 26, 1863
Raid: Pocohontas County, WV August 5 - 31, 1863
Expedition to: Pocohontas, AR August 17 - 26, 1863
Scout: Poplar Bluff, MO August 9 - 18, 1863
Expedition from: Portsmouth, VA August 11 - 19, 1863
Skirmish: Pueblo Colorado, New Mexico Territory August 18, 1863
Expedition: Sioux Expedition, Dakota Territory June 16 - September 13, 1863
Expedition: Sioux Expedition, Dakota Territory August 13 - September 11, 1863
Expedition against: Snake Indians, Idaho Territory May 4 - October 26, 1863
Siege: Wagner Battery, SC July 18 - September 7, 1863
Skirmish: Wellington, MO August 1863
Raid: Winchester, VA August 5 - 31, 1863



Appointment: Henry Brevard Davidson, CSA, to Brigadier General

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)


Naval Events:

U.S.S. Niphon, commanded by Acting Master Breck, chased steamer Hebe north of Fort Fisher, Wilmington. She was carrying a cargo of drugs, clothing, coffee, and provisions when she was run aground and abandoned. Because of a strong gale, Breck determined to destroy her rather than attempt to get her off. Three boat crews sent to the steamer for that purpose were captured by the Confederates when the boats were either stove in or swamped by the heavy seas. U.S.S. Shokokon, commanded by Lieutenant Cushing, assisted in the destruction of Hebe by commencing "a heavy fire, that soon riddled her." Rear Admiral Lee reported in summation: "She was as thoroughly burned as the water in her would allow."

C.S.S. Oconee, commanded by Lieutenant Oscar F. Johnston, foundered in heavy seas near St. Catherine's Sound, Georgia, after running the blockade out of Savannah the night before. She was carrying a cargo of cotton "on navy account," Secretary Mallory reported. All hands were saved, but 2 days later a boat containing 4 officers and 11 men was captured by U.S.S. Madgie, commanded by Acting Master Woodbury H. Polleys. Polleys noted that "it was probably her [Oconee's] intention to obtain plate iron on her return trip, in order to ironclad the new rams now building at Savannah."

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)


Additional Information:

The Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, South Carolina. (SC007) (Operations Against the Defenses of Charleston [April-September 1863]).

U. S. President Abraham Lincoln test fires the new Spencer Repeating Carbine, in Washington, D. C.

(Source: Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report: Battle Summaries. National Park Service. In The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd ed., 1998. Edited by Frances H. Kennedy; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)




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