Thursday, July 25, 1861

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Army Events:

Skirmish: Dug Springs, MO July 25, 1861
Expedition from: Forsyth, MO July 20 - 25, 1861
Campaign: Harper's Ferry and Shenandoah Valley July 2 - 25, 1861
Skirmish: Harrisonville, MO July 25, 1861
Skirmish: Messilla, New Mexico Territory July 25, 1861
Sur: San Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory July 25 - 27, 1861
Expedition from: Springfield, MO July 20 - 25, 1861
Operation: Tennessee River July 1 - November 19, 1861

Appointment: Major General John C. Frémont, USA, assumes command of the Western Department, at St. Louis, Missouri
Appointment: Major General John Adams Dix, USA, assumes command of the Department of Pennsylvania
Appointment: Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, assumes command of the Department of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, superseding Major General Robert Patterson, USA
Resignation: Robert Toombs resigns as Confederate Secretary of State, in order to receive a military appointment
Appointment: Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter replaces Robert Toombs as Confederate Secretary of State.

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)

Naval Events:

John LaMountain began balloon reconnaissance ascensions at Fort Monroe, Virginia.

C.S.S. Sumter, under Commander Semmes, captured schooner Abby Bradford in the Caribbean Sea and, denied the right to enter Venezuela with Confederate prizes, dispatched her to a Southern port.

Confederate privateer Mariner, commanded by Captain W. B. Berry, captured American schooner Nathaniel Chase off Ocracoke Inlet, North Carolina.

Confederate privateer Gordon captured American brig William McGilvery off Cape Hatteras with cargo of molasses.

Confederate privateer Dixie captured American schooner Mary Alice off the east coast of Florida.

U.S.S. Resolute, commanded by Acting Master W. Budd, brought two schooners and one sloop as prizes into Washington, D.C.

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)

Additional Information:

The United States Congress passes the Crittenden Resolution, declaring the object of the war to be the preservation of the Union (rather than the end of slavery).

The Committee appointed by the Missouri Convention on July 23rd presents its report to the Missouri Convention. It alludes at length to the present unparalled condition of things, the reckless course of the recent Missouri Government, and the flight of the Governor and other State officers from the Missouri capital. The Committee declares the Missouri offices of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and Secretary of State vacant, and provides that their vacancies shall be filled by the Missouri Convention, the officers so appointed to hold their positions until August, 1862, at which time it provides for a special election by the people of Missouri.

(Source: The Chronological Tracking of the American Civil War per the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion. p. 5-336. Ronald Mosocco; A Concise Encyclopedia of the Civil War, p. 203-221. Henry E. Simmons 1965.)
revised: July 25, 2004
created: January 12, 2001
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